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芒果生长在乌干达

芒果是一种常绿果树。它是最广泛地分布在乌干达所有水果中。它蓬勃发展的过于干燥橙色区;并在这些地区的果实成熟的黄色或橙色和发展其味十足。该树通常栽的树荫,虽然它可能怀有因其枝叶茂密的蚊子。种子发芽容易和树木都能够与原生植被竞争和抵御山火。大多数乌干达种植的品种,在当地消费和质量低劣几乎没有商业价值。早在1990年的许多优良品种,从波多黎各介绍,目前正在全国推广。气候芒果适合于热带和亚热带条件。温度范围是25℃21-。 Rainfall of at least 600 mm/year and an altitude of 1,500-2,000 m are ideal for the crop. The crop is intolerant to saline conditions. A dry period of at least 3 months is necessary for flowering. The tree requires plenty of sunshine for optimum growth and fruiting. Soils and site selection Mangoes require deep soils with good drainage not necessarily fertile but mangoes can thrive in a wide range of soil types. Types/Varieties Three types of mangoes are common in Uganda; small canopy: Florigon, Glenn, Dancan, Early Gold, Erwin, Palmar, Palvin. Medium canopy and fairly early yielding varieties: Zillate, Pinero, Alfonso, Apple, Kent, Keitt, Tommy. Large canopy and fairly early yielding varieties: Boribo, Ssejjembe, Bire. Bire, Ssejjembe, Ssu and Kate are some of the local selections.

管理实践与传播

建议改良芒果品种的种植材料采用嫁接或发芽(在砧木上嫁接)。这种做法将开花时间缩短到2-3年,而不是种子种植的6-7年。选用适宜的砧木,以抵御土壤病害。大多数树一年结两次树。间距芒果的间距取决于降雨模式和土壤肥力。在乌干达,建议的最佳植物种群间距为800万×800万,每公顷144株(每英亩58株)。种植中细田适宜。挖60厘米深、60厘米宽的洞,将表层土与下层土(红色)分开。将分解好的粪肥与表层土壤以1:1的比例混合,放回坑中,覆盖前30厘米。在嫁接的幼苗里面打一个小洞,然后种植在里面。 The plastic bags used for potting should be removed before planting. When covering the hole a basin should be made around each plant for harvesting water. Each plant should be mulched around and a cage or perimeter fencing put in place to avoid damage by animals. One month after transplanting, the grafting tape should be removed.

长在结合点以下的嫩枝也应除掉。浇水当在低雨量季节种植时,幼苗应该至少每周浇水一次,以避免干燥。还建议在开花期间浇水,如果可能的话,以避免花流产。果实固定后浇水,可减少果实流产,增加果实大小。肥料要求每年在雨季开始时施用一次肥料。每棵树至少放2个罐头,涂在离树1米的地方。至于人工肥料,在树周围放大约一个塑料tumpeco。在芒果的生产阶段避免施用过多的氮肥。在地里吸烟和砍下树皮都能促进开花。定期对果园进行杂草管理。 Do not dig through as this will damage roots and cause root rot diseases. Where mulching materials are available, mulching is encouraged. Production Depending on the variety, the time from flowering to maturity is 100-150 days. Under good management 400-600 fruits per tree per year can be produced. Yield range is 10-16 ton/ha depending on management, variety and age of orchard. In the case of improved varieties, fruits can weigh 0.3 – 2 kg each. Harvesting Harvest mature fruits and with smooth, undamaged skin. Use a long stick with a knife and basket at the tip or just long stick with knife and clothes or polythehe spread below, off ground to trap falling fruits for tall trees. Collect fruits in a wooden box with smooth inner surface.

避免地面采摘水果。害虫,疾病及其控制芒果可以由许多疾病的降低的质量和产量的攻击。乌干达经济重要性的主要病害有:炭疽病和白粉病。炭疽病这种疾病侵害了嫩枝,花朵和果实造成叶斑,干燥树枝提示和黑斑的水果。黑斑发展水果,从而导致开裂。在成熟阶段感染水果携带木耳放入存储和事业过程中的仓储,中转和销售相当大的损失。潮湿的条件有利于疾病。真菌对死的植物部分长期生存能力。发病部位应该修剪和烧毁。从果园中取出腐烂的水果。 Where the disease is severe, apply fungicides before flowers set to reduce flower infection. Fungicide such as Ridomil and Antracol alternated at 10-15 day intervals at quantities indicated on the package are recommended. Control and prevention is possible through use of resistant varieties. Powdery mildew The sign of the disease is the white powdery fungal growth on leaves, stalks and flowers. Rain and cool nights are favourable conditions for disease spread. Young leaves when infected develop white patches and later become curled and distorted.

4个最好的芒果品种为本地及国际市场

如果你打算从事商业芒果种植,4个最好的品种是汤米·阿特金,苹果芒果,凯特(高田)和Alphoso。它们有很高的市场需求,产量很高,都能抵抗臭名昭著的果蝇疾病,它们的纤维含量很低,这意味着你可以把它们混合成果汁或者当作甜点吃,它们味道很甜。幼苗价格在3000- 4000 shs之间,你可以下订单种苗请致电0752-200003或0776200002 (Whatsapp)或者给我们发邮件到orders@greeninguganda.com

更多关于芒果生长在乌干达

在老叶上,当条件仍然存在真菌有利于孢子吹向易感组织。控制瑞毒霉,Antracol或位于包装上标明的量10-15天的间隔用DITHANE M45交替Thiovit喷雾剂被推荐用于疾病的控制。喷涂可以在启动的迹象和2周,待坐果后重复。一旦年轻的组织变硬它不再是敏感和喷涂可以stopped.6害虫主要害虫攻击芒果包括:果蝇及芒果种子象鼻虫。次要的是规模和粉蚧。果蝇这是该国芒果最严重的虫害影响了新鲜水果的市场之一。女穿孔的成熟果实,并奠定在里面的水果小群鸡蛋。孵化,在出现外部正常果实的幼虫吃后。

后来,蛆落在地上继续生长。当把受感染的水果切开时,可以在受损的果肉中看到果蝇的蛆虫。控制收集和掩埋受感染和掉落的水果在采摘前7周及3周按包装上注明的数量喷洒适当的杀虫剂,如乐果。Salut和Dursban也可以使用。这是热带芒果的一种严重害虫。雌龟在部分发育的果实上产卵。卵孵化,蛆虫通过肉进入种子,在那里它们进食并发展破坏种子。在入口处有变色。控制掩埋方法是将掉落的水果移走,埋在坑里。按包装上注明的数量喷洒适当的杀虫剂,如乐果或德斯班。

订购的幼苗

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